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The most common query I am asked by folks making a primary enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What is often meant by this is, 'What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not concentrate on one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting feelings and thinking have similarities, and largely reply to remedy in similar ways.

So the answer to the question 'What kinds of problem do you provide counselling for?' can be something like 'Difficulties with feelings and thinking', slightly than particular single issues like, say, 'low self worth', or 'fear of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy offers with the whole individual, and does not often separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a normal rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialise in particular types of problem, often ones which employ a specific solution-based mostly approach. Counselling for addictions is an obvious example, a specialism which often includes a progressive, guided programme. Others might be bereavement or consuming problems. Particular section of the population, akin to younger individuals or ladies, may also be recognized as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, but on the entire these use the same strategies as every other psychological counselling. The principle difference is perhaps that the agency has been set up to cope with that exact challenge or group, has obtained funding for it, and so focuses it is resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist may deal in a particlar area because it has particularly interested them, or they've done extra training in it, or probably had particular expertise of the problem themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists imply once they communicate of various types of remedy is the difference in the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not within the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a brief description of each type of approach and it's subdivisions is past the scope of this article. I will due to this fact restrict it to the two principal approaches which I make use of myself, Particular person Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Person Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Person Centred approach is the concept the Counsellor is a 'visitor' on the earth of the client's experience, with all that this implies relating to respect and trust.

The shopper is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that he or she knows someplace, someway, what they need, and that they have a need for growth. The counsellor may help carry these right into awareness and help the shopper to utilise them.

Another central idea is 'circumstances of price'. Situations are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how acceptable or unacceptable they are. A easy instance may be 'Do not ever be angry, or you will be an unpleasant, shameful person, and you'll not be loved.' The message this carries is likely to be something like 'If I am indignant it means I'm worthless, therefore I must never be angry.' The particular person will inevitably really feel angry, probably ceaselessly, and conclude from this that they need to subsequently be valueless, ugly, shameful. One other may be 'If you happen to don't do well academically, it means you are stupid and you'll be a failure in life'. This type of condition will tend to stay with the particular person indefinitely, and she or he might need been struggling for years to live up to what is perhaps unimaginable conditions of worth. If this sort of interior conviction is dropped at light, and it's roots understood totally, it may be that the person can see that it isn't really true, it has been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Person Centred Counsellor makes an attempt to be 'with' the client as a sort of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the person, whatever they're like, will lead to the particular person him or herself coming to really feel that she or he actually is acceptable, and coming into contact with a more real, 'organismic' self which has at all times been there in some way, however been hidden. They may then turn out to be more real, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or residing up to the expectations of others.They may worth their own feelings more, optimistic or negative. They might begin to take pleasure in their expertise of the moment. They might value others more, and enjoy referring to them, relatively than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by making a local weather of acceptance within which the shopper can find him or herself. Sure therapeutic situations facilitate this, circumstances laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These embrace:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This can't be just acted, it must be real or it will be worthless.

Total acceptance of the shopper, and optimistic regard for them, no matter how they appear to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the consumer is saying, and, further, showing the client that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, therapy makes an attempt to foster an interaction which contains unconscious components of the client. An entire lifetime's expertise, most powerfully what the particular person has learned from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will determine the best way the consumer relates to others. This will come out in some type within the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist must be aware of what forces and influences may be at work in the client.

This approach doesn't embrace that concept of 'free will'. It doesn't see our thinking, feeling and decision making as the result of conscious awareness, however as the outcomes of many forces which are working beneath acutely aware awareness. The individual is performing and regarding others largely as the result of the instincts they are born with, together with what they have discovered about themselves, largely by means of the nature of their close relationships in early life.

The actual 'personality' is shaped in the crucible of this early experience. If, for example, the principle carer of the child has not fed her properly, this will probably be laid down in as an anxiety. This could also be simply about being fed, about getting enough to eat, or it might be prolonged by the toddler into associated things, reminiscent of trust (they've discovered not to trust that meals, or the carer, can be there when wanted), or insecurity about life usually, or a feeling of there all the time being something lacking. A outcome may be overeating, say, or greed in other methods, for items, or neediness, anxious need for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad sorts of operations of this type within the psyche, forming from birth, with every kind of subtleties and variations. They are almost all laid down in a stage of the person which is not accessible to the conscious mind, and are acted out unconsciously.

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