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The most typical query I'm asked by people making a primary enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What's normally meant by this is, 'What kinds of problem do you provide counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not concentrate on one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting feelings and thinking have similarities, and principally reply to remedy in similar ways.

So the answer to the question 'What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?' would be something like 'Difficulties with feelings and thinking', fairly than specific single points like, say, 'low self esteem', or 'fear of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy deals with the entire individual, and does not usually separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a basic rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialise in specific types of challenge, typically ones which employ a selected solution-based approach. Counselling for addictions is an obvious instance, a specialism which often involves a progressive, guided programme. Others might be bereavement or consuming problems. Explicit part of the inhabitants, reminiscent of younger individuals or girls, may also be recognized as groups needing a specialist approach to some extent, but on the entire these use the same techniques as every other psychological counselling. The principle difference may be that the company has been set as much as deal with that specific concern or group, has acquired funding for it, and so focuses it is resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist might deal in a particlar space because it has especially interested them, or they've finished extra training in it, or presumably had particular expertise of the issue themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists imply when they speak of different types of remedy is the difference within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not within the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a short description of each type of approach and it's subdivisions is past the scope of this article. I will subsequently limit it to the two predominant approaches which I employ myself, Person Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Individual Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Particular person Centred approach is the concept that the Counsellor is a 'guest' in the world of the shopper's experience, with all that this implies concerning respect and trust.

The consumer is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that she or he knows someplace, in some way, what they want, and that they've a need for growth. The counsellor can assist deliver these into awareness and help the shopper to utilise them.

One other central idea is 'situations of price'. Circumstances are imposed early in life by which an individual measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A simple instance may be 'Don't ever be indignant, or you can be an unsightly, shameful person, and you'll not be loved.' The message this carries is perhaps something like 'If I'm indignant it means I am priceless, therefore I must never be angry.' The particular person will inevitably feel angry, presumably steadily, and conclude from this that they have to therefore be priceless, ugly, shameful. Another might be 'In case you don't do well academically, it means you're stupid and you'll be a failure in life'. This type of situation will tend to stay with the individual indefinitely, and she or he might need been struggling for years to live as much as what might be impossible conditions of worth. If this kind of inside conviction is dropped at light, and it is roots understood absolutely, it is likely to be that the particular person can see that it isn't really true, it's been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Person Centred Counsellor attempts to be 'with' the shopper as a kind of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the individual, no matter they're like, will lead to the person him or herself coming to feel that she or he truly is acceptable, and coming into contact with a more genuine, 'organismic' self which has always been there in some way, however been hidden. They might then develop into more real, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or dwelling up to the expectations of others.They may worth their own emotions more, positive or negative. They could start to enjoy their experience of the moment. They may worth others more, and enjoy relating to them, moderately than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by creating a local weather of acceptance within which the consumer can find him or herself. Certain therapeutic situations facilitate this, conditions laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These include:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This can not be just acted, it has to be real or it is going to be priceless.

Total acceptance of the shopper, and optimistic regard for them, irrespective of how they seem to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the consumer is saying, and, additional, showing the shopper that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, remedy attempts to foster an interaction which consists of unconscious parts of the client. A complete lifetime's experience, most powerfully what the person has learned from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will decide the way in which the client relates to others. This will come out in some form in the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist must be aware of what forces and influences could also be at work within the client.

This approach does not include that idea of 'free will'. It doesn't see our thinking, feeling and resolution making as the results of acutely aware awareness, however as the outcomes of many forces which are operating beneath acutely aware awareness. The individual is acting and referring to others largely as the end result of the instincts they are born with, together with what they have discovered about themselves, largely by the character of their shut relationships in early life.

The particular 'personality' is shaped within the crucible of this early experience. If, for example, the main carer of the child has not fed her properly, this can be laid down in as an anxiety. This may be merely about being fed, about getting enough to eat, or it may be extended by the toddler into related things, corresponding to trust (they have discovered not to trust that food, or the carer, will be there when needed), or insecurity about life basically, or a sense of there at all times being something lacking. A consequence could be overeating, say, or greed in different ways, for items, or neediness, anxious need for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad sorts of operations of this type in the psyche, forming from birth, with every kind of subtleties and variations. They are virtually all laid down in a degree of the person which just isn't accessible to the aware mind, and are acted out unconsciously.

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Il Poliambulatorio Specialistico Privato AxiaMedica, è nato con l'intento di realizzare, nel pieno Centro Storico di Roma,  una Struttura d’Eccellenza.

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